Chair Gaby Schlesinger interviewed

Posted: November 11, 2013 in Uncategorized

 

 

 

Image

Advertisements

Article in The Day newspaper November 11, 2013

(Please click on article to enlarge)

KN1Article

KN Article

Image  —  Posted: November 11, 2013 in Uncategorized

Images related to Kristallnacht

Posted: October 22, 2013 in Uncategorized

Image

 

Above:  Timeline from Hitler’s assumption of the chancellorship of Germany until Kristallnacht.

Image

  Above:  Cities under German rule where Nazis burned synagogues.

Image

 

Above:  Ultimate chutzpah. Nazis make Jews pay $400 million in damages Jews suffered at Nazi hands.

Image

 

Synagogue in flames on Kristallnacht 

Image

 

Jews being forced from their homes on Kristallnacht.

Image

Image

 

Above two images are official invoices sent by the Nazi government to Jews demanding payment for the damages Nazis did to Jewish property during Kristallnacht.  German insurance companies refused to give the Nazis the insurance payments for the damages; therefore, Goering devised a fraudulent means to obtain the insurance money owed the Jews:  Germany would make the Jews pay for their own victimization in an amount equal to that estimated to be received by them from insurance companies.  No Jew could leave Germany until this amount was paid in full, in addition to many other expensive requirements.    

Herschel Grynspan spoke the words of all who suffer in a strange land because of hate and fear, discrimination and prejudice, race and gender, and envy.  Compare his plea to those of Shylock in Shakespeare’s Merchant of Venice.

Grynspan:

“Being a Jew is not a crime; I am not a dog, I have a right to exist on this earth; wherever I have been I have been hounded like an animal.”


Shakespeare’s Shylock:

“I am a Jew. Hath 
not a Jew eyes? hath not a Jew hands, organs, 
dimensions, senses, affections, passions? fed with 
the same food, hurt with the same weapons, subject 
to the same diseases, healed by the same means, 
warmed and cooled by the same winter and summer, as 
a Christian is? If you prick us, do we not bleed? 
if you tickle us, do we not laugh? if you poison 
us, do we not die? and if you wrong us, shall we not 
revenge? If we are like you in the rest, we will 
resemble you in that.”

William Shakespeare, Merchant of Venice, Act III, Scene 1.

ImageHerschel Grynspan

 

When Hershel Grynspan was arrested by French police he protested for all the history of Jewish persecution:

“Being a Jew is not a crime; I am not a dog, I have a right to exist on this earth; wherever I have been I have been hounded like an animal.”


Nazi Reichsminister Josef Goebbel’s insane and brutal statement following Hershel Grynspan’s courageous act in Paris:

The Nazis presented the anti-Semitic pogrom of November 1938 as a justified reaction of the German people to world Jewry. This poster was issued in Munich to advertise an evening of Nazi meetings celebrating the event. It translates: “Notice! Reichsminister Dr. Goebbels announces: ‘The legitimate and understandable outrage of the German people at the cowardly Jewish murder of a German diplomat in Paris led to widespread actions last night. Reprisals were carried out against Jewish buildings and businesses in many towns and localities. The population is now ordered to refrain from all further demonstrations and actions of any kind against the Jews. The final answer to the Jewish crime in Paris will be through legislation or regulations about the Jews.’ Citizens! World Jewry also received the appropriate answer here in Munich! The synogogue is burned down! Jewish businesses are closed! Insolent Jews have been arrested! National Socialist Germany demonstrates against World Jewry and its black [Catholic] and Red allies for the freedom and security of the nation and all Germans throughout the world. Gauleiter Adolf Wagner and twenty party orators will speak.”

Image

Photo of Herschel Grynspan

KEYNOTE SPEAKER

1945-2013 – Germany’s Dealing With Its Nazi Past

Karolin Machtans, Ph.D.

Karolin Machtans, Assistant Professor of German

Assistant Professor of German Studies

Education
M.A., University of Hamburg; Dr. Phil., University of Hamburg

Specializations
20th and 21st century German literature and film, with a special focus on post-1945 German history and culture, minorities and transnationalism
Representations of the Holocaust
Gender studies
Memory studies
Translation studies
Interdisciplinary approaches to environmentalism and urban space

Contact Karolin Machtans

Karolin Machtans is Assistant Professor of German Studies at Connecticut College. Before joining Connecticut College, she was a Visiting Lecturer at the University of Pennsylvania, a Visiting Assistant Professor at the University of Cambridge and an Assistant Professor at California Polytechnic State University.

Her main research and teaching interests are 20th and 21st century German literature and film, with a special focus on post-1945 German history and culture, minorities and transnationalism, representations of the Holocaust, gender studies, individual and collective memory processes, and translation studies.

She is also very interested in interdisciplinary approaches to urban space, photography, and environmentalism as well as in foreign language teaching methodology.

Her first book, Zwischen Wissenschaft und autobiographischem Text: Saul Friedländer und Ruth Klüger, was published by Niemeyer (Conditio Judaica) in 2009. She is the coeditor of a volume on the representation of Hitler in German film (published in 2012) and is currently working on a book-length study on the representation of Istanbul and ‘Asia’ in German-language literature and film. She is the author of numerous articles in the fields of Holocaust and migration studies and is currently editing a volume on Iranian-German literature and film as well as a volume on Iranian-German author Navid Kermani.

Image

Bundesarchiv Deutschland.

 

Image

Heydrich’s death mask on German stamp.

Heydrich was killed by Czech heroes on 27 May 1942 while he was driving from Prague to meet Hitler in Berlin. 

 

Heydrich’s Instructions For Kristallnacht*

(November 10, 1938)

 

Secret

Copy of Most Urgent telegram from Munich, of November 10, 1938, 1:20 A.M. 
To 
All Headquarters and Stations of the State Police 
All districts and Sub-districts of the SD 
Urgent! For immediate attention of Chief or his deputy!

Re: Measures against Jews tonight

Following the attempt on the life of Secretary of the Legation vom Rath in Paris, demonstrations against the Jews are to be expected in all parts of the Reich in the course of the coming night, November 9/10, 1938. The instructions below are to be applied in dealing with these events:

1. The Chiefs of the State Police, or their deputies, must immediately upon receipt of this telegram contact, by telephone, the political leaders in their areas – Gauleiter or Kreisleiter – who have jurisdiction in their districts and arrange a joint meeting with the inspector or commander of the Order Police to discuss the arrangements for the demonstrations. At these discussions the political leaders will be informed that the German Police has received instructions, detailed below, from the Reichsfuehrer SS and the Chief of the German Police, with which the political leadership is requested to coordinate its own measures:

a) Only such measures are to be taken as do not endanger German lives or property (i.e., synagogues are to be burned down only where there is no danger of fire in neighboring buildings). 
b) Places of business and apartments belonging to Jews may be destroyed but not looted. The police is instructed to supervise the observance of this order and to arrest looters. 
c) In commercial streets particular care is to be taken that non-Jewish businesses are completely protected against damage. 
d) Foreign citizens – even if they are Jews – are not to be molested.

2. On the assumption that the guidelines detailed under para. 1 are observed, the demonstrations are not to be prevented by the Police, which is only to supervise the observance of the guidelines.

3. On receipt of this telegram Police will seize all archives to be found in all synagogues and offices of the Jewish communities so as to prevent their destruction during the demonstrations. This refers only to material of historical value, not to contemporary tax records, etc. The archives are to be handed over to the locally responsible officers of the SD.

4. The control of the measures of the Security Police concerning the demonstrations against the Jews is vested in the organs of the State Police, unless inspectors of the Security Police have given their own instructions. Officials of the Criminal Police, members of the SD, of the Reserves and the SS in general may be used to carry out the measures taken by the Security Police.

5. As soon as the course of events during the night permits the release of the officials required, as many Jews in all districts – especially the rich – as can be accommodated in existing prisons are to be arrested. For the time being only healthy male Jews, who are not too old, are to be detained. After the detentions have been carried out the appropriate concentration camps are to be contacted immediately for the prompt accommodation of the Jews in the camps. Special care is to be taken that the Jews arrested in accordance with these instructions are not i’ll-treated….

signed Heydrich, 
SS Gruppenfuehrer

* “Night of the Broken Glass.”

 

Source: Nuremberg Documents PS-3051.

 

To read more about the Nazi criminal Reinhard Heydrich go to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum at this link: http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007406